The raid, one of the Great War’s most daring naval exploits, was designed to close off the German-occupied Belgian port of Zeebrugge, a principal base for the U-boat packs that were preying on British shipping. The firing buoy and its bearing and range from the target were established using the Zeebrugge method and the escorting ships formed a square around the bombardment ships. [28], The average number of passages was maintained until June, when the rate fell to about one submarine per day, to an extent due to a bombardment of Zeebrugge on 9 June. Raid on Zeebrugge (2) TV documentary. weapons, German - gun: 105mm naval gun & [captured] & [wrecked] (object name) One of the artillery-observation aircraft had engine trouble and force-landed in the Netherlands; the other ran short of petrol. the zeebrugge raid anniversary supplement, navy news, april 2008 Continued from page iii staggered around the converted ferry shellshocked. The blockship HMS Iphigenia in the Bruges ship canal at Zeebrugge. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . A monitor, HMS Sir John Moore, was to land 1,000 troops on the mole, the monitor HMS General Craufurd was to bombard the lock gates and fortifications from short range; blockships were to enter the harbour in the confusion. On St. George’s Day, 1918, British forces raided the Belgian port of Zeebrugge. [4], The bombardment would have to be undertaken at long range, because of the danger of return fire from the Kaiser Wilhelm battery at Knokke and meant aiming at a target 90 by 30 ft (27.4 by 9.1 m) in area at a range of 13 mi (11 nmi; 21 km), using directions from an artillery-observation aircraft. Only eleven were chosen". The marines immediately came under massed fire and suffered many casualties. Download The Zeebrugge Raid 1918: Voices from the Past Ebook Free. Zeebrugge raid.png 370 × 293; 34 KB '7 ' 5 Howitzer and Stokes guns HMS Vindictive'; and an aerial view of the mole at Zeebrugge, 1918 RMG PV3346.jpg 1,280 × 916; 419 KB 'Iris' and 'Daffodil' at Dover, 23 April 1918 RMG PV2157 (cropped).jpg 1,237 × 892; 423 KB 'Iris' and … Royal Navy, Royal Marines (regiment/service) Featured Print. The raid was approved in January 1918 and volunteer crews were obtained from the Grand Fleet "to perform a hazardous service". [3] Bacon devised a plan to destroy the lock gates at Zeebrugge by bombardment with the 15-inch guns of the monitors HMS Erebus, HMS Terror and HMS Marshal Soult. Directed by A.V. The first opportunity for the raid was early April 1918 and on 2 April the fleet sailed and Zeebrugge was bombed by 65 Squadron from Dunkirk. The ship returned to the buoy by 4:45 a.m., with the bearing and distance. Royal Navy's raid on Zeebrugge was attempt to seal up the Bruges Canal to prevent its use by the German Navy. [5][a] On 11 May, Bacon ordered another attempt for the next day; a buoy was laid 15 mi (24 km) to the north-west of the mole as a guide and a second buoy was placed in the bombardment position. The port was used by the Imperial German Navy as a base for U … Noté /5. Bacon was asked to give his opinion and rejected the plan, as did the Admiralty. Lisez des commentaires honnêtes et non biaisés sur les produits de la part nos utilisateurs. The blocking cruisers had failed to stop the exits from Bruges, causing only a few days’ … Un raid a finalement été formellement approuvé par l'amirauté britannique en février 1918 et lancé deux mois plus tard. 0:06. The raid was proposed in 1917 by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe but was not authorised until Keyes adapted Bacon's plan for a blocking operation, to make it difficult for German ships and submarines to leave the port. Leading Stoker Norbert McCrory recalled that "On 23rd Feb 1918.... We... received a wireless [communication] asking for volunteers to the numbers of eleven men, for special service. A group for the Remembrance of the Zeebrugge Raid on St.-George's Day 1918 Bamford, Edward (person) : Put new text under old text. 0:06. [18][19][d] The cruisers involved in the blockade, including HMS Vindictive, were equipped in Chatham by over 2,000 workers for the special fitting out or (in the case of the ships to be sunk) stripping out of unnecessary equipment, including their masts. Sandford, Richard Douglas (person) The Zeebrugge Raid: 22 April 1918 The two fleet segments sailed together for a few miles and then their paths parted. Zeebrugge Raid- story continued on subsequent pages. [14], By 1917 the German defences on the Flanders coast included Kaiser Wilhelm II, a heavy artillery battery at Knokke, east of the Bruges Canal, of four 12 in (300 mm) guns, with a range of 41,000 yd (23 mi; 37 km) and the Tirpitz battery of four 11 in (280 mm) guns, with a range of 35,000 yd (20 mi; 32 km), 1.5 mi (2.4 km) west of Ostend. [31], Of the 1,700 men involved in the operation, S. F. Wise recorded in 1981 that 300 were wounded and more than 200 killed. Lors de l'opération, trois vaisseaux, le Thetis, l'Intrepid et l'Iphigenia, s'introduisent dans le port intérieur de … A bearing was taken from the buoy to the base of the mole at Zeebrugge by a ship sailing from the buoy to the mole, despite a mist which reduced visibility to a mile and the ship advancing perilously close to German shore batteries. [15], An appeal was made to the Grand Fleet for volunteers for special service on 23 February 1918. Kelley Cameron. A reconstruction of the Dover Patrol's bottling up of a U-boat base. Dean, Percy Thompson (person) Bacon thought that the destruction of the lock gates was worth the sacrifice of a monitor but that risking all three for no result was impossible to avoid. The dockyard was hit by twenty out of 115 shells and intelligence reports noted the sinking of a lighter, a UC-boat, damage to three destroyers and that the German command had been made anxious about the security of the coast. [39] A ballot was similarly held for the crews of the assault vessels for the Zeebrugge Mole (Vindictive, Royal Daffodil and Iris II) and the embarked raiding parties. La Dover Patrol (Patrouille de Douvres) était un commandement de la Royal Navy lors de la Première Guerre mondiale, connu pour son implication dans le raid sur Zeebruges le 22 avril 1918. Report. Aerial photograph after Zeebrugge Raid (IWM) In the end, the three assault ships, riddled with shrapnells, completely devastated and covered with corpses and agonising wounded men, the decks soaking wet of blood, returned to Dover under the cheers of the crowd. Show more. Skip to main content Become a Member ... Digital files of films and sound recordings are available at cost depending on intended use. [33] The destroyer, HMS North Star was sunk. A group for the Remembrance of the Zeebrugge Raid on St.-George's Day 1918 Another attempt was made on 23 April, with a concurrent attack on Ostend. At the end of 1916 a combined operation against Borkum, Ostend and Zeebrugge had been considered by Admiral Lewis Bayly, commander of the Coast of Ireland Station. Follow. Tyrwhitt suggested a more ambitious operation to capture the mole and the town as a prelude to advancing on Antwerp. Zeebrugge Raid Notes: Arthur Harrison was killed during the raid on Zeebrugge on 22/23 April 1918. Son nom de code était « Opération Zo » (Zo pour Zeebrugge - Ostende), Il avait pour but de rendre inutilisable le port de Zeebrugge qui servait alors de base sous marine , mais aussi de base pour des vedettes lance torpille et pour des hydravions allemands . Follow. Voices From the Past: The Zeebrugge Raid 1918 Approximately a third of all Allied merchant vessels sunk during the First World War were by German boats and submarines based at Bruge-Zeebrugge on the coast of Belgium. The operation was dependent on the advance of the British armies in the Third Battle of Ypres and had no influence on events at Zeebrugge and Ostend. This site requires JavaScript. Auteur. Raid on Zeebrugge (2) TV documentary. Throughout the operations monitors and the siege guns in Flanders, manned by the Royal Marine Artillery, heavily bombarded the enemy's batteries. This flamethrower cylinder was used on HMS Vindictive during the Royal Navy's raid of the Belgian port of Zeebrugge on the night of 22/23 April 1918. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . After the war the Zeebrugge raid continued to be celebrated. 2013 Photo of the Zeebrugge Bell and Housing on Dover Town Hall A Story of Courage and Sacrifice Told Through Newspaper Reports, Official Documents and the Accounts of Those Who Were There, The Zeebrugge Raid 1918, Paul Kendall, Frontline Books. [8] At 6:00 a.m. the ships weighed anchor, just as the Kaiser Wilhelm battery opened fire. ZEEBRUGGE and FIRST OSTEND RAID - 22nd/23rd April 1918, SECOND OSTEND RAID - 10th May 1918 . About The Author Philip Warner (1914-2000) enlisted in the Royal Corps of Signals after graduating from St Catherine's, Cambridge in 1939. The raid was formally proposed at the Admiralty in 1917 by Admiral Sir John Jellicoe but was not authorised until Vice-Admiral Sir Roger Keyes adapted Bacon's plan for a blocking operation, which would make it difficult for German ships and submarines to leave the port. English: SS Brussels sunk in Zeebrugge Harbour, she was scuttled by the Germans on 28 October 1918 when they evacuated Zeebrugge. Films, vidéos (1) West-Vlaams Filmjournaal 99 & 151. Portrait shots of officers and men who won the Victoria Cross in the raid, after receiving their decorations at Buckingham Palace: Captain Alfred Carpenter, Lieutenant Richard Sandford, Lieutenant-Commander Percy Dean, Major E Bamford of the Royal Marines, and Sergeant Norman Finch, also of the Royal Marines. She was converted to a minelayer in 1910 and was sunk as a blockship in the Zeebrugge raid in 1918. HMS Daffodil – French sub aqua club film of a dive on HMS Daffodil (ex TF3). Le Raid sur Zeebruges (Zeebrugge Raid pour les anglophones) est le nom d'une opération secrètement préparée durant plusieurs mois, qui eut lieu le 23 avril 1918. Le Raid sur Zeebruges (Zeebrugge Raid pour les anglophones) est le nom d'une opération secrètement préparée durant plusieurs mois, qui eut lieu le 23 avril 1918. medical, Belgian military - emergency (object name) It is a film about the raid on Zeebrugge in 1918. 2013 Photo of the Zeebrugge Bell and Housing on Dover Town Hall, Battles: The Raid on Zeebrugge, 1918 FirstWorldWar.net, The life story of Albert McKenzie VC by his great nephew Colin McKenzie, The life story of HMS Vindictive by Colin McKenzie, 23 April 1918 – Zeebrugge Raid Western Front Association, Items of the IWM Collection associated with the Zeebrugge Raid, Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zeebrugge_Raid&oldid=999963187, Naval battles of World War I involving the United Kingdom, Naval battles of World War I involving Germany, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Articles with incomplete citations from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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