The city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the country. Chandigarh was the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in the northern part of India that serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana. Many existing towns in Punjab were surveyed as options for the new capital and dismissed for poor performance in relation to factors such as military defensibility and capacity for accommodating potential refugee influxes. Chandigarh is one of the best cities in india. [4] 10.8% of the population is under 6 years of age. Guided by the architectural optics of Le Corbusier the development of Chandigarh was part of a state-driven exercise to break from the traditions of imperialism in city making and begin the process of healing from the injustices suffered. [84], The Rose Festival in Zakir Hussain Rose Garden every February shows thousands of subspecies of roses.[85]. The exact geographic coordinates of Chandigarh are 30°44′N 76°47′E / 30.74°N 76.79°E / 30.74; 76.79. Since, 1951-1961 the rate has decreased from 394.13% to 17.10%. At the end of each year, a new series of population estimates, from the census date forward, is used to revise the postcensal estimates, including the population clock projections series. Association of Population Geographers of India (APGI) is a family of geographers interested in population geography. [54] Government schools use English, Hindi, and Punjabi textbooks. In August 2018, a report by the Centre for Science and Research had concluded that Chandigarh was the second worst among 14 cities in “per travel trip emissions” due to high usage of personal vehicles. Chandigarh has an effective literacy rate of 86.77% (based on population 7 years and above), higher than the national average; with male literacy of 90.81% and female literacy of 81.88%. [57] Apart from this, there are a couple of historical mosques in Manimajra and Burail.[58]. The metro area population of Chandigarh in 2018 was 1,110,000, a 1.83% increase from 2017. There has been a substantial decline in the population growth rate in Chandigarh, with just 17.10% growth between 2001 and 2011. (*) Real time population clock! It was one of the early planned cities in post-independence India and is internationally known for its architecture and urban design. Chandigarh, city and union territory of India.Located about 165 miles (265 km) north of New Delhi, the territory is bounded by the state of Haryana on the east and by the state of Punjab on all other sides. It was established in 1978, with the Department of Geography, Panjab University, Chandigarh as its registered headquarter. One seat for Chandigarh is allocated in the Lok Sabha elections held every five years. [93][95][98] Furthermore, the early over-saturation of the minimalist International Style on building design in Chandigarh has attracted criticisms of effecting a "democratic, self-effacing banality", though this criticism is perhaps negligent of how this was necessary in galvanising higher standards of urban living throughout the country. Ashoka, cassia, mulberry and other trees flourish in the forested ecosystem. 101 0 obj <> endobj h�lR]KC1�+y�g�[��6��N���=ԭl���qo��M{�(����$�I�0�A�U�r� )�$J8;c��`�V��� ��s��G��%�B��2� ,G6���כ�! Author information: (1)Department of Biotechnology, Sri Guru Gobind Singh College, Chandigarh, India. Many trees in Chandigarh are given a status of the natural heritage of the city. UNESCO inscription was under "The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier an outstanding contribution to the Modern Movement". With a per capita income of ₹99,262, Chandigarh is one of the richest cities in India. [10] The master plan of the city was prepared by Swiss-French architect Le Corbusier, which transformed from earlier plans created by the Polish architect Maciej Nowicki and the American planner Albert Mayer. The work of the Chandigarh Metro was earlier slated to start by the year 2019. Chandigarh IT Park (also known as Rajiv Gandhi Chandigarh Technology Park) is the city's attempt to break into the information technology world. In addition, Chandigarh has over 2,500 units registered under the small-scale sector. CHANDIGARH IN NUTSHELL POPULATION (0-6) IIII. In August 2018, a report by the Centre for Science and Research had concluded that Chandigarh was the second worst among 14 cities in “per travel trip emissions” due to high usage of personal vehicles. [26] It borders the states of Haryana and Punjab. km. 2018 – 315,794 The population of Mohali in between the year of 2014-18 is listed above and it is seen that there is an increment of 92,059 in the past 5 years. Public School. His site-plan took advantage of natural land characteristics; the land's gentle grade promoted proper drainage. [43] The Rock Garden,[44][45] is located near the Sukhna Lake and has numerous sculptures made by using a variety of different discarded waste materials. It was opposed by the Member of Parliament from Chandigarh, Kirron Kher. wCLnr�[)�Mo�xPoS�M ;�&p��w0K��V@�FnryY�oد��t�����~�"mi�1�Lq���ht�Y��q+ �O� ��8D Chandigarh Population 2020 –1,288,121.4 (estimated). Kher promised a film city for Chandigarh. It is ranked 22nd in terms of area, with less than 1.4% (44,212 km 2 or 17,070 sq mi) of India's land area. It is open to give and open to receive." Sukhna Lake itself hosts the Garden of Silence. In 2015, an article published by BBC named Chandigarh as one of the few master-planned cities in the world to have succeeded in terms of combining monumental architecture, cultural growth, and modernisation.[11]. Chandigarh was for Nehru and Le Corbusier an embodiment of the egalitarian potential offered by modernism, where the machine age would complete the liberation of the nation's citizens through the productive capacity of industrial technology and the relative ease of constructing civic facilities such as dams, hospitals, and schools; the very antithesis of the conservative and traditional legacy of colonialism. endstream endobj 102 0 obj <> endobj 103 0 obj <>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 104 0 obj <>stream Chandigarh has a population of 10.55 lakh as per the 2011 census. 2023 1,215,000 [36] The city also receives occasional winter rains from the Western Disturbance originating over the Mediterranean Sea. After winning the seat, she said that she had difficulty in acquiring land in Chandigarh. [103], Union territory and capital city of Punjab and Haryana states in northern India, Climate data for Chandigarh (1961–1990, extremes 1954–2010). It is situated on the Indo-Gangetic Plain a short distance southwest of the Siwalik Range (Shiwalik Range), between two seasonal hill torrents, the Sukhna and Patiali rivers. Most of the convent schools of Chandigarh are governed by this institution. %%EOF �럵H AN��1α��9/���wʓ�Pԁ��Ob��㘵�����{����\���*%��9�i�ő�-�nK N�x4���H���eGqB%��@�X]%1�[�D�:A����Z����]��ҫ���������S�\�=�?ܨI�5p�C�l���%����>�Q�I�՝ٰ�ǕfI�j���V����*�e��r"���v�"��E#�@B xeR��,dw��Ξ����8|}�6�C����ն`�3��"��O�x#�t���� ݙ{���N�7��l��z"�nzWu�W��o�TUY F����� \| g4�(�$5�q����&�ȏvw:,����Δ�������=pq�3zw�C����_����2HHEq�`�����Y�dFʈ� ��1, It is located 260 km (162 miles) north of New Delhi and 229 km (143 miles) southeast of Amritsar. [98] As early as the 1950s the presence of the International Style could be detected in the design of houses in India, "whether mistri or architect-designed". h�bbd``b`�$�@������ V6�pq�A��� � @��&F�/@#:��@� Or Chandigarh hosts many religious places, including Chandimandir, the temple after which it was named. *-N=r��XƨR��t썱�0����q#}�\Y�N|�dQ��&Oɓy&����4�]ǎG���q��P�QDxƩT��0���q����# Chandigarh Junction railway station lies in the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railway network and provides connectivity to most of the regions of India. Since, 1951-1961 the rate has decreased from 394.13% to 17.10%. [29] Two of the six monuments planned in the Capitol Complex which has the High Court, the Assembly, and the Secretariat, remain incomplete. Recently as per Chandigarh census data, 47.67% houses are owned while 46.96% were rented. Also the male literacy rate is 89.99% and the femaleliteracy rate is 81.19% in Chandigarh. Chandigarh is bordered by the state of Punjab to the north, the west and the south, and by the state of Haryana to the east. [73] Ordnance Cable Factory of the Ordnance Factories Board has been set up by the government of India. Four major trade promotion organisations have their offices in Chandigarh. Chandigarh is a city and a union territory in the northern part of India that serves as the capital of the states of Punjab and Haryana. In all, 69.12% couples in Chandigarh lived in single family. Albert Mayer developed a superblock-based city interspersed with green spaces which with an emphasis on cellular neighbourhoods and traffic segregation. One such being the Roman Catholic Diocese of Simla and Chandigarh, serving the Catholics, which even has a co-cathedral in the city, Christ the King Co-Cathedral, although it never was a separate bishopric. The country’s leopard population has increased by 60 per cent — from 8,000 in 2014 to 12,852 in 2018, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said … Chandigarh Urban Area Population Projections. endstream endobj 106 0 obj <>stream [88] CTU also operates frequent bus services to the neighbouring states of Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and to Delhi. In terms of figures, the population each year increases by about 18,411.8. Chandigarh has the largest number of vehicles per capita in India. For this reason, Chandigarh is often called a "Pensioner's Paradise". The city was master-planned in 96 hours, reflecting the urban philosophy laid down by the Congres Internationale d’Architecture Moderne, which still has lessons for new builds being planned around India. DEMOGRAPHY OF CHANDIGARH: English is the sole authority language of Chandigarh. H��TMo�@U�MH����ܜ�7��k��-�� ��r@�VB [83] This has been considered as a source of employment in the future. Other industries are relating to food products, sanitary ware, auto parts, machine tools, pharmaceuticals, and electrical appliances. Nada Sahib Gurudwara, a famous place for Sikh worship lies in its vicinity. The improvement that is required in the city is not to go for so called development goals which the administration is now running around like a headless chicken. Answer: Panchkula, India (Administrative unit: Haryāna) - last known population is ≈ 211 400 (year 2011).This was 0.017% of total India population.If population growth rate would be same as in period 2001-2011 (+4.14%/year), Panchkula population in 2021 would be: 316 984*. Mayer stopped work after his architect-partner Matthew Nowicki died in a plane crash in 1950. As well as in Chandigarh this policy tool was implemented in the creation of new capital cities in Bhubaneswar and Gandhinagar, and more broadly throughout India in the 112 planned cities created between independence and 1971, purposed to absorb migration from those regions in demise after being abandoned by the British and provide hubs for growing industries such as in steel and energy.[96]. The main occupation here is trade and business. As per 2011 census, 2.75 % population of Chandigarh districts lives in rural areas of villages. [47] Other gardens include the Garden of Fragrance in Sector 36, Garden of Palms in Sector 42, Butterfly Park in Sector 26, Valley of Animals in Sector 49, the Japanese Garden in Sector 31, the Terraced Garden in Sector 33, Shanti Kunj Garden, the Botanical garden and the Bougainvillea Garden. According to Chandigarh administration's department of education, there are a total of 115 government schools in Chandigarh,[89] including Government Model Senior Secondary School, Sector 16, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Bhavan Vidyalaya, convent schools like St. Stephen's School, St. John's High School, Chandigarh, St. Anne's Convent School, St. Kabir Public School, St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School and Carmel Convent School and other private schools like Delhi Public School and D.A.V. Population. The government carved out Chandigarh from about fifty Puadhi-speaking villages in the then-state of East Punjab, India. Every year, in September or October during the festival of Navratri, many associations and organisations hold a Ramlila event which has been conducted for over 50 years. CHANDIGARH IN NUTSHELL POPULATION (0-6) IIII. Census of Public Sector Undertakings and Local Bodies Employees of Chandigarh Administration 2019. Sukhna Lake, a 3 km artificial rain-fed lake in Sector 1,[41] was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills.[42]. The post-colonialism of Chandigarh is rooted in the transformation of the political ideas of those such as Nehru who generated a new Indian nationalism into the design of newly built forms. Chandigarh (local pronunciation: [tʃə̃ɳˈɖiːɡəɽʱ] (listen)) is a city, district and union territory in India that serves as the capital of the two neighbouring states of Punjab and Haryana. Chandigarh, as a Union Territory, is not entitled to a state-level election: thus State Assembly elections are not held and it is directly controlled by the central government. R�_�wg�v9���8���{;�����_|r��t��S|zzvq��bJ��tws�B����A��� ��`e,ŒJ�9x�]#�V��Q^.�_��Y�,f�X\\C�2ΰ��~@�X�to��r1Z�zꖿ����������{�����ο�Ny'Sb�V� Y�SC$K����WS�h�9$ن�ڻ0W�P����A��f-! [82] Her proposal was accepted by the Chandigarh Administration and the film city is proposed to be set up in Sarangpur, Chandigarh. [48] There is also a Government museum and art gallery in Sector 10, Chandigarh. [93], To the extent that Chandigarh epitomises the destructive influence of the British, in the impetus of its creation as a solution to the otherwise violent partitioning of territory between India and Pakistan, it represents an early ideological symbol for the birth of India's future. Chandigarh's 2020 population is now estimated at 1,148,472.In 1950, the population of … Major Indian firms and multinational corporations like Quark, Infosys, EVRY, Dell, IBM, TechMahindra, Airtel, Amadeus IT Group, DLF have set up base in the city and its suburbs. There are about 15 medium to large industries including two in the public sector. [69] In September 2020, the civic body announced that it would upgrade and renew the 50-year-old sewerage system. endstream endobj 105 0 obj <>stream [27] Shimla was the temporary capital of East Punjab until Chandigarh was completed in 1960. There are 1 districts, 1 Tehsils, 5 villages and 7 towns in Chandigarh. These are The Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry, ASSOCHAM India[76] in Sector 8, Chandigarh, Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, (FICCI) the PhD Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) which has its regional headquarters at Sector 31, Chandigarh.[77][78]. Población residente en España. [99] Insofar as modernism in architecture (which defined town planning under the Nehru era of rule) represents an active radical break from tradition and a colonial past even the very presence of Le Corbusier has been recognised as an indelible resistance to the British construction legacy, as he provided the first non-British influence on design thinking in India, enabling a generational shift in the contemporary cohort of architects and planners to be hired by the state throughout the rest of the century who were initiated under Modernist conditioning. A population of 1,00,359 was covered in a community based survey. [12][13] The union territory also heads the list of Indian states and territories according to the Human Development Index. It still provides a platform for cricketers in this region to practice and play inter-state matches. These "urban utopias" attempt to enforce nation-building policies through a federalised rule of law at a regional level, and diffuse postcolonial urbanism which codes justice in its design. ... 11th March 2018 12:29 PM ... Chandigarh gets a … Department of forest & wildlife Chandigarh administration is the nodal department for this purpose which has published a detailed booklet about it. Hence, the population of Chandigarh in 2019 is expected to be 1,230,763 + 30,002 = 1,260,765. endstream endobj startxref BASIC STATISTICS OF U.T. Ali Zifan – Wikimedia Commons (2015). The Parrot Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh provides a home to a large number of parrots. [69], Chandigarh has been rated as one of the "Wealthiest Towns" of India. By this, every year it can be said that the population goes up by 30,002. 2022 1,191,000. H���͎�0��!H�I�M7��I�;���y�.���.��│1&6�6ٌF���p���8?�XV��>�6��%�Z��(p�3��J�d�?|?]�8�Ѱ��۾7�o�DZ)����f�ltW&�I��A�V�u� ({�*5CQ�[D���C�L�X�BKu�iq*�4-0��A��V�;b�NNi2��&^ރ6�[�!�4{.�l6o�7]�N��Ux���>�� �����n����u��N. Haryana (Hindi pronunciation: [ˈɦəɾɪjaːɳa]) is one of the 28 states in India, located in the northern part of the country.It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis. Surender Singh Memorial Herbal Park, Tosham, Ch. Chandigarh has been rated as the "Wealthiest Town" of India. Author information: (1)Department of Biotechnology, Sri Guru Gobind Singh College, Chandigarh, India. [50][51], Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. [14] In 2015, a survey by LG Electronics ranked it as the happiest city in India over the happiness index. [24] The Indian Punjab required a new capital because the former capital, Lahore, had become part of Pakistan after the partition. Design/Methods: To estimate the prevalence, the Union Territory of Chandigarh having a population of 10,55,450 was divided into urban sectors, urban slums and villages, using population proportion to size technique. Chandigarh has a belt of parks running from sectors. [86] Wide, well-maintained roads and parking spaces all over the city ease local transport. Chandigarh's Capitol Complex was in July 2016 declared by UNESCO as World Heritage at the 40th session of World Heritage Conference held in Istanbul. [32], As of 2016, many historical villages in Chandigarh are still inhabited within the modern blocks of sectors including Burail and Ottawa, while several non-sectoral villages lie on the outskirts of the city. Chandigarh is located near the foothills of the Sivalik Range of the Himalayas in northwest India. Chandigarh, the Le Corbusier ... From Bolivia to Bhutan, the New York Times’ “52 Places to Go” list for 2018 is unsurprisingly filled with wanderlust-inducing destinations. The World Factbook > United States > People and Society > Population. It is known for its green belts and other special tourist parks. Question: What is the population of Panchkula? In 2011, 80.11% of Uttar Pradesh population had access to Banking and Non-Banking Finance Corporation. Sikhism is the second most popular religion in the city, followed by 13.11% of the people. Chandigarh hosts the largest of Le Corbusier's many Open Hand sculptures, standing 26 metres high. [92] For Nehru, Chandigarh represented a vision for how a new planned city could be a canvas for the regeneration of the nation itself after centuries of oppression under British colonial rule and the dilution of Indian character from the nation's towns. In Chandigarh city Islam is followed by 4.87%. [15][16][17] The metropolitan area of Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula collectively forms a Tricity, with a combined population of over 1,611,770. [34] It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft). 121 0 obj <>stream [91], Nehru said of Chandigarh when he first visited the site of the new city in 1952: "Let this be a new town, symbolic of the freedom of India, unfettered by the traditions of the past, an expression of the nation's faith in the future". This is a list of urban agglomerations and cities, not included in urban agglomerations, with a … The total literacy rate ofChandigarh is 86.05%which isgreaterthan average literacy rate 72.98% of India. ��*HF�^��5�wKN[��K�܄�:|���2o�Yw0�o{#+ p\#7��� %`�p !WX�Mr�"au�k���n������ns�o݊��U�kC�G���a�� The Associated Chambers of Commerce & Industry, ASSOCHAM India. 2011: Density of Chandigarh is 9,258 per sq km [18], The name Chandigarh is a compound of Chandi and Garh. However, the city of Chandigarh was declared a union territory to serve as capital of both states. The construction of a new town in Chandigarh was determined to be the best option due to its relative strength in these factors as well as its proximity to the national capital, New Delhi, its central location within the state of Punjab, its abundance of fecund land and its beautiful natural landscape. [4] The child sex ratio is 880 females per thousand males. 0 Genetic susceptibility of glutathione S-transferase genes (GSTM1/T1 and P1) to coronary artery disease in Asian Indians. [74][75] However, the Punjab and Haryana High Court, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), the availability of an IT Park, and more than a hundred government schools provide job opportunities to people. Chandigarh Administration, Punjab government and Haryana government. [98], Criticisms are well established of the implementation of the postcolonial vision of Nehru and Le Corbusier, and of the critical emphasis on its influence. These include Panjab University, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Punjab Engineering College, Post Graduate Government College, Sector 11, Chandigarh, and DAV College. It is considered to be a part of the Chandigarh Capital Region or Greater Chandigarh, which includes Chandigarh, and the city of Panchkula (in Haryana) and cities of Kharar, Kurali, Mohali, Zirakpur (in Punjab). [79] With an estimated cost of around ₹109 billion including 50% funds from the governments of Punjab and Haryana and 25% from Chandigarh and government of India, funds from the Japanese government were proposed to include approximately 56% of the cost. Hand sculptures, standing 26 metres high by this, there are a couple of mosques... In single family Chandigarh for over a decade ( 2007-2018 ) has been 24.5... In actual numbers, males constitute 55 % of India each year increases by about 18,411.8 two in population... 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